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Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Ukrainian Paratroopers Prefer Their Speedy T-80BV Tanks

Pressure mounts on German government to sign up to pact with several European countries Proposed donation of German-made Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine.

but german officials Tell wall street journal Unless US officials agree to supply Ukraine with some of the US’s own M-1 tanks, they will not approve the Leopard 2. Think of American tanks as diplomatic cover for the Germans.

However, there is one main reason why the Ukrainian army might prefer the Leopard 2. M-1 powered by gas turbines Drink 80% more fuel Better than a diesel powered Leopard 2 over the same distance.

This inefficiency isn’t a deal breaker for every army. The U.S. Army has the ability to expand its logistics to transition to a turbo tank force. If the U.S. offers the M-1, the Ukrainian military will likely do the same.

It is worth noting that the Ukrainian army Do There is some experience with gas turbine tanks, although limited and ineffective. Due to the T-80BV’s superior acceleration and speed, the airborne troops of the Ukrainian Army preferred the turbine T-80BV to the diesel tank. The Legion apparently didn’t mind the relative inefficiency of the T-80BV.

The 42-ton, three-person T-80BV has a 1,000-horsepower turbine engine that normally burns aviation gas, but could theoretically burn any liquid hydrocarbon fuel. Even kerosene. The 70-ton M-1 can do the same trick.

The turbines give the T-80BV a top road speed of about 50 mph, 10 mph faster than the diesel T-72. But the T-72 can go 300 miles on internal fuel, while the T-80BV runs out of gas after 200 miles.

Choose one: range or speed. The Ukrainian Airborne Corps chose speed. Many of its 10 or so brigades have a company assigned to it, with about 10 T-80BV tanks. Fast tanks provided the firepower for the brigades, which otherwise rode mostly in nimble but light wheeled armored vehicles.

We can identify the T-80BV in the force structure of the 25th, 46th, 79th, 80th, 81st and 95th Brigades of the Airborne Corps and in the apparently new formations that began around November.

It’s worth asking where the T-80BV came from. The Kharkiv Tank Plant in Ukraine mainly produces the diesel-powered T-80UD, and these tanks are often intended for the export market.but the factory done Manufacturing of some small batches of T-80BV turbines will begin no later than 2015.

Still, the turbine T-80BV is so rare that until early 2022 the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London does not list it any Tanks in the Ukrainian order of battle.

In any case, Russia’s broader war on Ukraine actually presents an opportunity for the Ukrainian airborne brigade to increase its tank numbers.Russia’s own airborne forces brought hundreds of T-80BVs to Ukraine, and have given up Almost 80 of them.At the same time, the Ukrainians lost They have about 40 T-80BVs themselves, a net increase of 40 turbo tanks.

Despite this, the T-80BV is relatively rare in an army with hundreds of diesel T-64s and T-72s and a growing number of ex-NATO diesel tanks (M-55S, Challenger 2 and Leopard 2).

If the U.S. ends up donating some of its thousands of surplus M-1s, turbo tanks may become less rare in Ukrainian service.

Thirsty U.S. tanks could burden Ukrainian military logistics.but persisted Same Thirsty T-80BV, Ukrainians at least know what they might encounter.

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